Golang Memcached CAS (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The CAS (Check-And-Set) operation in Memcached is a powerful feature that can be used to safely update key-value pairs without risking overwriting other changes that could have happened between the get and set operations. It's particularly useful in multi-threaded or distributed systems where race conditions might occur.

Code Examples

Here's an example of how you can use CAS in Memcached with Go:

First, you need to import the gomemcache/memcache package.

import ( "github.com/bradfitz/gomemcache/memcache" )

Create a new Memcached client:

mc := memcache.New("localhost:11211")

Then, use the Get method to retrieve the item:

it, err := mc.Get("someKey") if err != nil { // handle error }

Now you can modify the value of the item and use the CompareAndSwap function to save it back only if no other changes were made to this item:

it.Value = []byte("newValue") err = mc.CompareAndSwap(it) if err != nil { // handle error }

In this example, CompareAndSwap will only replace the existing data if the server-side and client-side CAS values match, which means no other updates have occurred since the client last fetched the item.

Best Practices

When using CAS, ensure to appropriately handle the case where the CompareAndSwap operation fails because another client updated the data. This usually involves retrying the operation - fetching the data again, applying the change, and then trying CompareAndSwap again.

Common Mistakes

One common mistake when using CAS is not properly handling the situation when the CompareAndSwap function returns an error. This function will return an error if the item was modified by another process between the get and CAS operations, and your application should be prepared to handle this.


Q: What does CAS stand for in Memcached? A: CAS stands for Check-And-Set. It's a method used to update values safely in Memcached.

Q: How can I handle errors from the CompareAndSwap function? A: If CompareAndSwap returns an error, it generally means that the value has been updated by another process. The best way to handle this is by retrying the operation - re-fetch the data, apply your changes, and then attempt a CompareAndSwap operation again.

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