Setting Values in Memcached using Golang (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

In web applications, caching is a common technique to boost performance and reduce the load on databases. Memcached is one such distributed memory object caching system that caches data and objects in RAM to minimize the number of times an external data source (like a database or API) must be read. The use case for setting values in Memcached using Golang would typically involve storing frequently accessed data, session information, user profiles, and more.

Code Examples

Consider we're using the "" package for interacting with Memcached.

Example 1: Basic Setting of Key-Value

Here's how you can set a basic key-value pair in Memcached:

package main import ( "" "log" ) func main() { mc := memcache.New("") err := mc.Set(&memcache.Item{Key: "foo", Value: []byte("bar")}) if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } }

In this example, we're creating a new connection to Memcached running on localhost and setting a key 'foo' with value 'bar'.

Example 2: Setting Key-Value with Expiration

You can also set a key-value pair with an expiration time (in seconds):

package main import ( "" "log" ) func main() { mc := memcache.New("") err := mc.Set(&memcache.Item{Key: "foo", Value: []byte("bar"), Expiration: 60}) if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } }

In this example, the key 'foo' will expire and be removed from Memcached after 60 seconds.

Best Practices

  • Use meaningful keys to allow for easy management of your cached data.
  • Always include error handling when interacting with a Memcached server. Network issues or other errors could cause operations to fail.
  • Check the return values when calling Set function. If it's not nil, there was an issue storing the value.

Common Mistakes

  • Not connecting to the correct Memcached instance or port, ensure you set them correctly.
  • Trying to store a value that exceeds Memcached's value size limit (1MB by default).


Q: Can I store complex data types in Memcached?

A: Yes, but they need to be serialized first. Typically, they're serialized to JSON, XML or another format that can be easily stored as a string.

Q: What happens if I try to retrieve a key that has expired?

A: The Get method will return a memcache.ErrCacheMiss error if you attempt to retrieve a key that does not exist or has expired.

Q: How can I handle connection failures to Memcached?

A: You should always check the error returned by the memcache client functions. If a connection failure occurs, your application should have a strategy to retry the operation or fail gracefully.

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