PHP Memcached Stats Slabs (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

Getting Memcached slab statistics is a common need when you want to monitor your caching layer's performance. You might want to examine the memory usage, hit ratio or other metrics related to each slab. This information can guide decisions on resource allocation and optimization strategies for your Memcached deployment.

Code Examples

Let's assume you've already set up a connection to your Memcached server using the Memcached extension in PHP.

Here's an example of how to retrieve slab statistics:

$memcached = new Memcached(); $memcached->addServer('localhost', 11211); $stats = $memcached->getStats(); $slabStats = $stats['localhost:11211']['slabs']; print_r($slabStats);

In this code:

  1. A new instance of Memcached is created.
  2. A connection to a Memcached server running on localhost at port 11211 is established.
  3. The getStats() method is used to fetch statistics from the server.
  4. The slab statistics are then extracted from the overall stats and printed out.

Best Practices

  1. Always verify that your server is reachable before trying to retrieve statistics. Also, handle any potential exceptions or errors that may arise when calling getStats().
  2. It's good practice to periodically monitor your Memcached slab statistics to understand your cache utilization better and plan for capacity if needed.

Common Mistakes

Not understanding what the slab statistics represent can lead to misinterpretations. For example, the chunk_size field shows the size (in bytes) of the chunks in that slab class, and chunks_per_page indicates how many chunks fit in a 1MB page. Misunderstanding these could lead to incorrect assumptions about memory usage.


Q: How often should I check Memcached stats slabs?

A: It depends on your specific application and setup. Some applications might benefit from frequent monitoring, while others might not require such close attention. As a starting point, consider checking it whenever you make significant changes to your data or workload.

Q: Can I use the slab stats to tune my Memcached server?

A: Yes, the slab statistics can give you insights into how your memory is being utilized, which can guide you when tuning Memcached's memory allocation.

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