Redis XLEN in PHP (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The Redis XLEN command is used to get the length of a stream stored at the specified key. In PHP, this can be useful when you need to monitor the amount of data within a particular Redis Stream - for instance, tracking the progress of job queues, or monitoring message traffic in a messaging system.

Code Examples

Here's an example showcasing how to use xLen with PHPRedis extension:

$redis = new Redis(); $redis->connect('', 6379); // Adding some data to our stream $redis->xAdd('mystream', '*', ['field1' => 'value1', 'field2' => 'value2']); // Getting the length of the stream $length = $redis->xLen('mystream'); echo "Length of the stream: $length\n";

In this code snippet, we are creating a new instance of Redis, connecting to the server, and then adding some data to a stream called 'mystream'. We're then using the xLen function, passing the name of our stream ('mystream') as an argument, which returns the length of that stream. The length is then outputted to the console.

Best Practices

  • Ensure that the keys you're checking do indeed contain streams. If a key does not exist or if it is associated with a non-stream data type, xLen will return false.
  • To prevent blocking your application, especially when dealing with potentially large streams, consider running Redis operations like xLen asynchronously or during off-peak times.

Common Mistakes

  • Calling xLen on a key that does not exist or hold a stream. This could result in false being returned, which might be misleading if not handled correctly.
  • Overlooking the fact that the xLen command functions only with Redis Stream data type, not other Redis data types like Sets, Hashes, etc.


1. What is a Redis Stream? A Redis Stream is a log data structure that you can append to and read from, similar to a message queue or a Kafka topic.

2. What happens if I use xLen on a key that isn't a stream? If you call xLen on a key that is not of type stream or does not exist, it will return false.

3. Can I check the length of multiple streams at once using xLen in PHPRedis? No, xLen can only check the length of one stream at a time. However, you could create a loop in your PHP code to iterate over multiple keys if needed.

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