Redis XREADGROUP in Ruby (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XREADGROUP command is used in the context of Redis Streams, which are a log data type. This command allows you to read data from a Stream in a way that supports multiple consumers. It can be useful for implementing distributed task queues or pub/sub systems where each consumer needs to have its own view of the stream.

Code Examples

Here's an example of how to use XREADGROUP in Ruby with the redis gem:

Firstly, ensure the redis gem is installed and required in your Ruby script.

require 'redis'

Create a new redis instance.

redis =

Create a stream and add some messages.

redis.xadd('mystream', '*', 'message', 'Hello') redis.xadd('mystream', '*', 'message', 'World')

Before reading from a stream using XREADGROUP, we need to create a group.

redis.xgroup('CREATE', 'mystream', 'mygroup', '$', mkstream: true)

Then we can read from the stream with XREADGROUP.

messages = redis.xreadgroup('mygroup', 'consumer1', '>', 'mystream', count: 1) puts messages

In this code, mygroup is the name of the consumer group, consumer1 is the name of the consumer, and '>' means that we want to read any new messages that arrive in the stream. The count option specifies how many messages to return.

Best Practices

When using XREADGROUP, it's important to remember to acknowledge messages after processing them. You can do this with the XACK command. Not acknowledging a message means it will be delivered again in the future if another consumer from the group calls XREADGROUP.

redis.xack('mystream', 'mygroup', messages.first['mystream'].first[0])

Common Mistakes

One common mistake is forgetting to create the consumer group before trying to read from it with XREADGROUP. Without a consumer group, Redis does not know to keep track of the position in the stream for each consumer.

Another mistake is not handling message acknowledgment properly. If you don't acknowledge a message after processing it, it will be redelivered in the future, which might lead to repeated processing of the same message.


Q: How can I read from multiple streams using XREADGROUP?

A: You can pass multiple streams and IDs as arguments to xreadgroup. For instance:

messages = redis.xreadgroup('mygroup', 'consumer1', '>', 'stream1', 'stream2', count: 1)

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