Question: How can replication be enabled in Redis?

Answer

Replication in Redis allows you to have a copy of your database on multiple Redis instances. This is highly useful for data redundancy and for increasing read performance. Below are the steps to enable Redis Replication.

Steps to Enable Redis Replication:

  1. Starting the Master Redis Server: Firstly, you need to ensure that your master Redis server is running. If it's not, you can start it with the command:
redis-server
  1. Starting the Slave Redis Server: The next step is to start the slave instance. You must specify the master IP address and port as parameters in this command:
redis-server --slaveof <master-ip> <master-port>

Replace <master-ip> and <master-port> with your master Redis server's IP address and port respectively.

  1. Checking the Replication Status: You can check the status of replication by connecting to the slave Redis server and using the INFO replication command:
redis-cli -h <slave-ip> -p <slave-port> INFO replication

Replace <slave-ip> and <slave-port> with your slave Redis server's IP address and port respectively. The output will provide information about the slave and its connection to the master.

Note that these commands are basic and don't include data persistence and password protection options. Depending on your needs, you may want to do additional configuration.

Handling Network Issues:

If the network between the master and slave fails, the slave will automatically try to reconnect to the master. Once reconnected, it will attempt to synchronize data with the master.

Partial Resynchronization:

From Redis 2.8 onwards, there is support for partial resynchronization. This means that if a slave loses the connection with the master, it tries to partially resynchronize with the master rather than doing a full resynchronization.

These are the basic steps to enable replication in Redis. Depending on your system setup and requirements, you might need to customize these steps.

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