Redis HGET in Ruby (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The HGET command is used in Redis to retrieve the value associated with a specified field in a hash stored at a key. A common use case for HGET might involve storing user attributes (name, email, etc.) as fields in a hash structure with the user ID as the key.

Code Examples

Here's how you could use HGET with the redis-rb library in Ruby:

  1. Setting and retrieving user information
require 'redis' redis = # Set user details user_id = "1" redis.hset(user_id, "name", "John Doe") redis.hset(user_id, "email", "") # Get a specific attribute (name) of the user name = redis.hget(user_id, "name") puts name # Outputs: John Doe

In this example, we first create a new Redis instance. Then, we use hset to add two fields ("name" and "email") to the hash identified by a user_id. Afterwards, we use hget to retrieve the "name" field from the hash.

Best Practices

  • It's good practice to perform error handling when using hget. If the provided key doesn't exist or if it is not a hash, Redis will return a nil object. Always check for nil before trying to use the returned value.
  • Use descriptive and meaningful names for your keys and fields to make your code easier to understand.

Common Mistakes

  • Not realizing that Redis is case sensitive. The fields "Email" and "email" would be considered different in Redis.
  • Trying to get a field from a non-existing key or from a key that is not associated with a hash. This would return nil, potentially leading to null reference errors.


  • What happens if I use hget on a non-existing key?

If you try to use hget on a non-existing key, Redis will just return nil. It won't raise an error.

  • Can I retrieve multiple fields at once?

Yes, you can do so using the hmget command, which takes multiple field names and returns all their corresponding values.

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