Redis HMGET in Ruby (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The Redis HMGET command is used to retrieve the value associated with the specified field in a hash stored at a key. In Ruby, it's commonly used when you need to fetch multiple values from a Redis hash at once, such as getting user details like name, age, and email from a user hash.

Code Examples

Let's assume we have a Redis hash that stores user data like following:

require 'redis' redis = redis.hmset("user:1001", "name", "John Doe", "age", "30", "email", "")

To get the name and email of this user using HMGET, you would do the following:

require 'redis' redis = values = redis.hmget("user:1001", "name", "email") puts values # Outputs ["John Doe", ""]

In this example, HMGET retrieves the values of "name" and "email" fields from the hash stored at key "user:1001".

Best Practices

  • Only use HMGET when you need to retrieve multiple fields from a hash. If you only need a single field, use HGET instead to avoid unnecessary data transfer.
  • It's good to note that if specified fields are not present in the hash or the key does not exist, HMGET will return nil for those fields. Always handle potential nils in your code.

Common Mistakes

  • A common mistake is not checking for nil values which can cause errors in your program where non-nil values are expected.
  • Another common mistake is using HMGET for single value retrieval, use HGET instead.


Q: What happens if the hash or field does not exist? A: If you try to get a non-existent key/field with HMGET, it will return nil.

Q: Can I use HMGET to fetch all fields and values from a Redis hash? A: No, HMGET only retrieves the values of specified fields. If you want to fetch all fields and their values, use HGETALL instead.

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