Question: How can one achieve write scalability with Redis?


Redis is an open-source, in-memory data structure store, which can be used as a database, cache, and message broker. While Redis is well-known for its fast read operations, you might wonder how to scale its write operations.

Write scalability can be achieved with Redis through a combination of techniques, such as sharding, pipelining, and using appropriate data structures.

Sharding: Redis does not inherently support automatic sharding, but it can be implemented at the application level. Sharding involves partitioning your dataset across multiple Redis nodes. This allows for scaling out write operations since writes can be distributed among different nodes. An example of client-side sharding can be seen in Python's redis-py library:

import redis from rediscluster import StrictRedisCluster startup_nodes = [{"host": "", "port": "7000"}, {"host": "", "port": "7001"}] rc = StrictRedisCluster(startup_nodes=startup_nodes, decode_responses=True) rc.set('foo', 'bar') print(rc.get('foo')) # Output: 'bar'

Pipelining: Redis' pipelining feature can also enhance write scalability. Instead of waiting for the server to respond after each command, you send several commands at once, reducing the latency costs associated with multiple round trips. Here is an example of pipelining in redis-py:

import redis r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=0) pipe = r.pipeline() for i in range(1000): pipe.set('key%s' % i, 'value%s' % i) pipe.execute()

Appropriate Data Structures: Using the right data structures can also optimize write operations. For instance, Redis Lists and Sorted Sets are particularly useful when you need to write large amounts of data quickly.

It's important to note that these techniques may involve trade-offs, like additional complexity in your application code (in the case of sharding), or potential latency spikes due to network congestion (for pipelining). As with any scalability solution, it's necessary to thoroughly test and evaluate the impact on your specific use-case.

Was this content helpful?

White Paper

Free System Design on AWS E-Book

Download this early release of O'Reilly's latest cloud infrastructure e-book: System Design on AWS.

Free System Design on AWS E-Book
Start building today

Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.