Question: What are the differences between BullMQ and Celery?


BullMQ and Celery are both task queue systems that can be used to handle background jobs, but they have some fundamental differences.

  1. Language: BullMQ is a Node.js priority job queue that leverages Redis for storage, while Celery is a robust asynchronous task queue/job queue system based on distributed message passing and primarily used with Python.

  2. Broker Support: BullMQ supports Dragonfly and Redis as its broker, whereas Celery supports RabbitMQ and Redis.

  3. Feature Set: Both offer a similar set of features including task prioritization, scheduling, and retrying, but BullMQ also provides advanced features like job progress updates, job events, pause/resume-able queues, and rate-limited queues, which may not all be available out-of-the-box with Celery.

  4. Error Handling: In BullMQ, error handling is managed by defining an 'onFailed' event listener on your worker. Celery handles task errors through retry policies, where failed tasks can be automatically retried.

Here's an example of how you might define a simple job and worker in both systems:

BullMQ (JavaScript):

const Queue = require('bullmq').Queue; const Worker = require('bullmq').Worker; // Define a queue const myQueue = new Queue('myQueue'); // Add a job to the queue myQueue.add('myJob', {foo: 'bar'}); // Define a worker new Worker('myQueue', async (job) => { // process job here console.log(; // outputs: bar });

Celery (Python):

from celery import Celery # Define a queue app = Celery('myApp', broker='pyamqp://guest@localhost//') @app.task def myTask(foo): # process job here print(foo) # Add a job to the queue myTask.delay('bar')

In summary, while both BullMQ and Celery are powerful task queues, your choice might depend on the programming language you're using, the features you need, and the type of broker you want to use.

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Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.