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Deleting a Key from Memcached in Java (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The use case for 'java memcached delete' is when you want to remove an item (key-value pair) from the Memcached system using Java. This is often done during cache invalidation, where stale or no longer needed data is removed, thus freeing up space for new data.

Code Examples

You can interact with Memcached in Java using libraries like XMemcached or spymemcached. These libraries allow you to perform operations like setting, getting, and deleting keys.

Here's an example using XMemcached:

import net.rubyeye.xmemcached.MemcachedClient; import net.rubyeye.xmemcached.XMemcachedClientBuilder; public class DeleteExample { public static void main(String[] args) { try { // Create a Memcached client MemcachedClient client = new XMemcachedClientBuilder("localhost:11211").build(); // Set a key-value pair client.set("testKey", 3600, "Hello, Memcached"); // Delete the key client.delete("testKey"); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } }

This piece of code first connects to a Memcached server running on localhost at port 11211. It then sets a key-value pair ("testKey", "Hello, Memcached"), with an expiry time of 3600 seconds. Finally, it deletes the key testKey from the cache.

Best Practices

  • Only delete keys that are no longer necessary. Unnecessary deletions could lead to cache misses and degrade performance.
  • Be careful when deleting keys in a multi-threaded environment; ensure that no other thread is using the key.
  • Use proper exception handling. Network operations can fail, so your code should be able to handle these situations.

Common Mistakes

  • A common mistake is not checking whether a key exists before trying to delete it. The delete method will return false if the key doesn't exist, so you should check this return value.
  • Trying to delete a key that is being used by another part of the application.


Q: What happens if I try to delete a non-existing key? A: If you attempt to delete a key which doesn't exist in cache, the delete method will return false.

Q: Does Memcached provide any mechanism to delete all keys? A: Memcached itself does not provide a direct way to delete all keys at once. However, you can use the flush_all command, but be careful as it invalidates all items in all slabs immediately.

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