Redis HLEN in Java (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The HLEN command in Redis is used to get the number of fields contained in a hash. This can be useful when you want to quickly check the size of a hash without retrieving all its data.

Code Examples

Here is an example using Jedis, a popular Java client for Redis:

import redis.clients.jedis.Jedis; public class Main { public static void main(String[] args) { // Connecting to Redis server on localhost Jedis jedis = new Jedis("localhost"); // Set some fields in the hash jedis.hset("user:100", "name", "John"); jedis.hset("user:100", "email", ""); // Get the number of fields in the hash long fieldCount = jedis.hlen("user:100"); System.out.println("Number of fields: " + fieldCount); jedis.close(); } }

In this example, we connect to a local Redis server and add a couple of fields to a hash. We then use HLEN to retrieve the number of fields in this hash.

Best Practices

  • Use HLEN sparingly on large hashes since it has a time complexity of O(1), which means it could take a considerable amount of time on large hashes.
  • Close the connection after you're done with your operations to free up resources. In our example, we use jedis.close() to achieve this.

Common Mistakes

  • A common mistake is to assume that the HLEN command will return the total size of the hash including the values. HLEN only counts the number of fields, not their size or the size of the associated values.


Q: What happens if I use HLEN on a non-existing key?
A: The HLEN command will return 0 if the key does not exist.

Q: What happens if the key exists but is not a hash?
A: Redis will return an error because HLEN is intended to work with hashes.

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