Redis XPENDING in Java (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XPENDING command in Redis is used with streams to fetch information about pending messages for a consumer group. This command helps us understand what messages are yet to be acknowledged.

Code Examples

In Java, we can use Jedis - a popular Redis client to interact with Redis. Below is an example of using the XPENDING command.

Firstly, let's assume that you have a stream 'mystream' and a consumer group 'mygroup':

Jedis jedis = new Jedis("localhost"); jedis.xgroupCreate("mystream", "mygroup", null, false);

Now, let's check pending messages for the group:

Jedis jedis = new Jedis("localhost"); List<Object> pendingMessages = jedis.xpending("mystream", "mygroup", "-", "+", 10, "consumername"); for (Object message : pendingMessages) { System.out.println(message); }

This code connects to Redis on localhost, then uses the XPENDING command to get the first 10 pending messages for 'consumername' from the 'mystream' which are part of 'mygroup'.

Best Practices

  1. It's recommended to always handle and monitor your pending messages as they indicate messages not yet processed or failed to process.
  2. Make sure your consumers always acknowledge (XACK) the messages they have processed to avoid them being marked as pending.

Common Mistakes

Leaving pending messages unhandled. Pending messages are messages that have been delivered but not acknowledged. If these keep piling up, it could lead to memory issues and loss of data.


Q: What if I do not specify a consumer in the XPENDING command?

A: If you do not specify a consumer, Redis will return information about all pending messages for the consumer group.

Q: What does XPENDING return?

A: XPENDING returns details of all pending messages. It includes the ID of the unacknowledged message, name of the consumer that fetched the message, UNIX time at which it was fetched and number of times it was delivered.

Was this content helpful?

Start building today

Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.