Redis XREADGROUP in Java (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XREADGROUP command in Redis is primarily useful when you want to read data from a stream using the concept of consumer groups. In a distributed system, this allows multiple consumers to consume messages from the same stream without duplicating data. This is often used in microservices architectures for inter-service communications and event-driven architectures.

Code Examples

Let's demonstrate how to use the XREADGROUP command in Java using the Jedis library. Before proceeding with these examples, ensure you have a running Redis instance and Jedis included in your project.

Here is an example:

import redis.clients.jedis.Jedis; import redis.clients.jedis.StreamEntry; String key = "mystream"; String group = "mygroup"; String consumer = "myconsumer"; try (Jedis jedis = new Jedis("localhost", 6379)) { // Create stream if it doesn't exist jedis.xadd(key, null, "field", "value"); // Create group if it doesn't exist jedis.xgroupCreate(key, group, StreamEntryID.LAST_ENTRY, true); // Now we can read data using XREADGROUP List<Entry<String, List<StreamEntry>>> result = jedis.xreadGroup(group, consumer, XReadParams.xReadParams().count(1).block(0), new AbstractMap.SimpleImmutableEntry<>(key, StreamEntryID.UNRECEIVED_ENTRY)); // Process the results... }

This first creates a stream and group if they do not exist. Then it reads one entry from the stream using the XREADGROUP command. The count(1) limits the number of entries returned to 1, and block(0) makes it a blocking call until there is data available.

Best Practices

  • It's good practice to handle exceptions that could occur during the communication with the Redis server. This can be done using try-catch blocks around the code that interacts with Jedis.
  • While using XREADGROUP, keep in mind that messages read by a consumer are not removed from the stream but are just marked as delivered.
  • Always remember to acknowledge your messages using XACK. If not, these messages will be re-delivered when calling XREADGROUP with the special ID ">", which gets any pending messages for the consumer or new incoming messages.

Common Mistakes

  • One common mistake is forgetting to create the stream and the group before reading from them. Trying to read from a non-existent stream or group will result in an error.
  • Another common mistake is not acknowledging processed messages. This can lead to messages being delivered multiple times, leading to duplicate processing.


1. What happens if I don't acknowledge a message after processing it?

If a message is not acknowledged after processing, Redis considers this message as not successfully processed and it will be re-delivered in future calls to XREADGROUP.

2. Can multiple consumers read from the same stream concurrently?

Yes, multiple consumers can read from the same stream concurrently without receiving the same messages, provided they belong to the same consumer group.

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