Introducing Dragonfly Cloud! Learn More

Redis XCLAIM in Java (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XCLAIM command in Redis is commonly used in the context of Redis Streams, and it plays a crucial role in message processing systems. It's primarily used to change the ownership of pending messages in a consumer group. If a message was read but not acknowledged by some consumer (due to failure or another issue), another consumer can claim it and proceed with its handling.

Code Examples

To use XCLAIM using Lettuce, a scalable thread-safe Java Redis client, follow these steps:

First, connect to your Redis server:

RedisClient redisClient = RedisClient.create("redis://password@localhost:6379/0"); StatefulRedisConnection<String, String> connection = redisClient.connect();

Next, get the commands interface for executing commands synchronously:

RedisStreamCommands<String, String> syncCommands = connection.sync();

Now you can call XCLAIM as shown below:

List<StreamMessage<String, String>> messages = syncCommands.xclaim( Consumer.from("mygroup", "consumer1"), StreamOffset.from("mystream", "0-0"), Duration.ofMinutes(5), XClaimArgs.Builder.ids("1526569495631-0") );

This code claims a message with the ID "1526569495631-0" from the stream "mystream". The message must be older than 5 minutes.

Best Practices

  • Always handle exceptions properly when working with I/O operations such as network communication.
  • Use connection pooling if your application has high concurrency to avoid creating a new connection for each thread.

Common Mistakes

  • Not closing the connections after usage. This can lead to resource leaks.
  • Calling XCLAIM too frequently on a message that is being processed by another consumer, leading to unnecessary conflicts.


Q: What happens if two consumers call XCLAIM on the same message?

A: The message ownership will be transferred to the last one who claimed it.

Q: How to ensure a message is not lost in case of a consumer failure?

A: Implement an idle message reprocessing routine that uses XPENDING and XCLAIM to identify and claim messages that have been idle for longer than acceptable.

Was this content helpful?

Start building today 

Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.