Redis XGROUP in Node.js (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XGROUP command in Redis is primarily used for managing consumer groups within a stream. In a real-time data processing scenario, it can be used to distribute the load among multiple consumers.

Code Examples

Here's an example where we create a new consumer group:

const redis = require('redis'); const client = redis.createClient(); client.xgroup('CREATE', 'mystream', 'mygroup', '$', function(err, reply) { if (err) throw err; console.log(reply); });

This script will connect to your Redis server and run the XGROUP CREATE command on the 'mystream' key with the group name 'mygroup'. The '$' argument means that the group will only receive messages that are added after it has been created.

Another common usage of XGROUP is to delete a consumer from a group:

client.xgroup('DELCONSUMER', 'mystream', 'mygroup', 'consumer1', function(err, reply) { if (err) throw err; console.log(reply); // Number of consumers deleted });

In this case, 'consumer1' is being removed from 'mygroup' within 'mystream'.

Best Practices

  1. Always handle errors in your callback functions - network operations can always fail and you should be prepared for that.
  2. Be aware that using XGROUP CREATE to create a group that already exists will cause an error. Please ensure that the group does not exist before trying to create it, or handle the error gracefully.

Common Mistakes

One common mistake is forgetting that the $ ID in the XGROUP CREATE command only allows the new group to receive new messages. If you want the group to get all existing messages from the stream, use '0' as the ID instead.


Q: What does the $ symbol mean in the XGROUP CREATE command?

A: The $ symbol is a special ID that means any new messages added to the stream after the creation of the group.

Q: Can I add a consumer to a group directly?

A: No, consumers cannot be directly added to a group. Consumers are seen as being part of the group after they've read at least one message from the stream.

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