Redis XPENDING in Node.js (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XPENDING command in Redis is used to inspect the pending entries of a stream, which are messages fetched by consumers but not yet acknowledged. This is useful in scenarios where you are implementing a message queue with consumer groups and need to track unacknowledged messages.

Code Examples

To use XPENDING in Node.js with redis, you'll need the 'redis' package. Here's an example of how you can use this command:

const redis = require('redis'); const client = redis.createClient(); client.xadd('mystream', '*', 'message', 'Hello', (err) => { if (err) throw err; client.xgroup('CREATE', 'mystream', 'mygroup', '$', (err) => { if (err) throw err; client.xreadgroup('GROUP', 'mygroup', 'consumer1', 'COUNT', '1', 'STREAMS', 'mystream', '>', (err) => { if (err) throw err; client.xpending('mystream', 'mygroup', '-', '+', 10, 'consumer1', (err, data) => { if (err) throw err; console.log(data); }); }); }); });

In the example above, we first add a message to the stream 'mystream'. We then create a group 'mygroup' and read a message from the stream with a consumer named 'consumer1'. Finally, we call XPENDING on 'mystream' for 'mygroup' to get the list of pending messages. It will print out the ID of the message, as it's not yet acknowledged.

Best Practices

  • Use XPENDING judiciously. Remember that pulling a large amount of data can be slow and consume a lot of memory.
  • Regularly check for pending messages in your consumer groups to ensure that unacknowledged messages are being handled properly.

Common Mistakes

  • Neglecting to handle errors: Redis operations can fail for various reasons, including network issues or insufficient memory. Always provide error handling code to prevent unexpected application crashes.


Q: What if there are no pending messages in the stream?

A: If there are no pending messages, the XPENDING command will return null.

Q: Can I use XPENDING to acknowledge a message?

A: No, XPENDING just inspects the pending entries. To acknowledge a message, you need to use the XACK command.

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