Question: How does Memcached work in PHP?

Answer

Memcached is a distributed memory object caching system that can be used to speed up applications by caching frequently accessed database queries or other expensive operations. It is commonly used with PHP-based web applications to improve performance and reduce load on backend systems.

To use Memcached in PHP, you need to first install the Memcached extension for PHP. You can do this using the following command on Ubuntu/Debian:

sudo apt-get install php-memcached

Once the extension is installed, you can connect to the Memcached server using the Memcached class. Here's an example code snippet:

$memcached = new Memcached(); $memcached->addServer('localhost', 11211); $key = 'my_key'; $data = $memcached->get($key); if ($data === false) { // cache miss - fetch data from the database $data = fetch_data_from_database(); // store the data in memcached for future requests $memcached->set($key, $data); } // use the data echo $data;

In this example, we create a new Memcached object and add a server to it (in this case, the server is running on localhost and listening on port 11211). We then attempt to retrieve data from the cache using a given key. If the data is not found in the cache (i.e., a "cache miss"), we fetch the data from the database and store it in Memcached so that it can be retrieved quickly in future requests.

Overall, using Memcached in PHP can help improve application performance by reducing the load on backend systems and speeding up frequently accessed operations.

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