Memcached is an in-memory key-value store that is used to cache frequently accessed data. It is designed for high-performance, distributed environments and is commonly used to speed up web applications by caching the results of expensive database queries or API calls.
Memcached is written in C and it uses a simple protocol over TCP to communicate with clients. The server stores data as a hash table in memory, which allows for very fast access times. When a client wants to store or retrieve data from Memcached, it sends a request over the network using a simple text-based protocol, and the server responds with the requested data or an error message if something goes wrong.
Let's look at an example of how to use Memcached in Python. First you need to install the pymemcache library:
Then execute the following command to store and retrieve values from Memcached:
This code connects to a local Memcached instance running on the default port (11211), stores a key-value pair in the cache, and retrieves it again using the same key.
Memcached also supports advanced features such as expiration times for cached data and automatic data eviction when the cache becomes full. Overall, Memcached is a powerful and flexible tool for creating high-performance, scalable applications.