Question: How Can I Use Couchbase as an In-Memory Cache?


Couchbase is a powerful NoSQL database that provides built-in in-memory caching capabilities. With its distributed architecture, it is well-suited for high-demand applications.

To use Couchbase as an in-memory cache, follow these steps:

Step 1: Install Couchbase

You can download the appropriate package from the official Couchbase downloads page and install it.

For a Linux system, you may use the following command:

wget sudo rpm -i couchbase-server-enterprise-6.6.0-centos7.x86_64.rpm

Replace the URL with the location of the package corresponding to your operating system and version.

Step 2: Configure Couchbase

After installation, open the Couchbase web interface usually available at http://localhost:8091 and follow the setup prompts.

Create a new bucket that will act as your cache. You might want to set the bucket type as 'Couchbase' and the ejection method as 'Value only' for memory optimizations.

Step 3: Use Couchbase as a Cache

Now, you can use the SDKs provided by Couchbase to interact with the database.

Here's a simple example using Node.js:

const couchbase = require('couchbase'); var cluster = new couchbase.Cluster('couchbase://localhost', { username: 'username', password: 'password', }); var bucket = cluster.bucket('bucket_name'); var collection = bucket.defaultCollection(); async function upsertDocument(docId, docValue) { try { const result = await collection.upsert(docId, docValue); console.log("Upsert Result: ", result); } catch (error) { console.error("Got error while upserting: ", error); } } upsertDocument('docID', {name:'John', age:30, city:'New York'});

This script connects to the Couchbase instance running on localhost, opens the desired bucket and performs an "upsert" operation which inserts or updates data based on whether it already exists or not.

Remember to replace 'username', 'password', and 'bucket_name' with your actual Couchbase username, password and the name of the bucket you created.

Note: Couchbase provides SDKs for various programming languages including Java, .Net, Python, Go, etc. Steps for usage would be similar in other languages as well.

Couchbase also supports expiration of keys similar to Memcached which makes it suitable for in-memory caching scenarios.

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