No, Elasticsearch is not an in-memory database. It's a distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine capable of solving a growing number of use cases. While Elasticsearch can store its indices in memory, it is fundamentally a disk-based (persistent) search engine which uses Lucene internally for all indexing and searching operations.
Elasticsearch does cache some data in memory for better performance, but it is for query caching, not for the primary data storage. Data in Elasticsearch is first written to disk and then indexed for search operations.
The main difference between Elasticsearch and typical in-memory databases like Redis or Memcached is about data persistence. In-memory databases are usually used for temporary storage and quick access while Elasticsearch is used for storing and searching through large amounts of data.
Here's an example of how you might create an index and add documents to it in Elasticsearch using Python:
And here's how you might perform a search:
Always remember that Elasticsearch is great at what it was designed to do - provide near real-time search and analytics capabilities, but if your use-case requires an actual in-memory database, you would be better off using a tool specifically designed for that purpose.