HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) is a US law that sets the standards for protecting sensitive patient health information. As a caching system, Memcached itself is not inherently HIPAA compliant or non-compliant since it doesn't directly handle any sensitive data. However, to be HIPAA compliant, Memcached must be used in a HIPAA-compliant infrastructure and configured properly.
Here are some considerations to take into account when using Memcached in a HIPAA-compliant environment:
Access Control: Make sure to restrict access to Memcached and only allow authorized personnel to interact with it.
Encryption: Use TLS/SSL encryption to protect the data being transmitted between the Memcached client and server.
Logging and Auditing: Implement logging and auditing mechanisms to track all interactions with Memcached and detect any unauthorized access attempts.
Risk Assessment: Perform regular risk assessments to identify vulnerabilities and implement measures to mitigate them.
Business Associate Agreement (BAA): If you are a business associate that stores or processes PHI (Protected Health Information), you need to sign a BAA with your clients who are covered entities under HIPAA regulations.
It's important to note that Memcached is just one component of a larger system, and there are many other factors to consider when building a HIPAA-compliant infrastructure. It's recommended that you consult with a qualified security expert to ensure that your entire system meets HIPAA standards.