No, MySQL is not primarily an in-memory database. MySQL is a relational database management system based on SQL – Structured Query Language. It's often used for web-based applications and supports both on-disk and in-memory storage methods. However, it isn't designed specifically as an in-memory database like Redis or Memcached.
You can configure MySQL to act more like an in-memory database by using the MEMORY (or HEAP) storage engine, which creates tables with contents that are stored in memory. But this has its limitations like data loss on server restart and no support for BLOB/TEXT data type columns.
Here is a simple example of how you could use MySQL as an in-memory database:
In this example,
my_table will be stored in memory and will have fast read-write access. But remember, this data will be lost if the server is restarted.
Please note, if your requirement is for an in-memory database, there are other technologies better suited to this task, such as Redis or Memcached. These databases are designed from the ground up as in-memory stores and offer features like built-in replication, persistence options, complex data structures, etc.