Question: What are Prefabs in Unity?


Prefabs in Unity are essentially templates from which you can create new object instances in the scene. They are used to store a game object's properties, transformations, components, and child objects as a reusable asset.

Why Use Prefabs?

Using prefabs allows developers to:

  • Maintain consistency, since all instances will inherit properties from the same template.
  • Streamline updates, as changes to the prefab automatically propagate to all of its instances.
  • Optimize workflow, by simplifying the process of creating complex objects that are needed multiple times across different scenes or within the same scene.

Creating a Prefab

To create a prefab in Unity, you typically follow these steps:

  1. Create the GameObject with the desired components and properties in the scene.
  2. Drag it from the scene hierarchy into your project folder. This creates the prefab.
  3. The original GameObject in the scene becomes an instance of the new prefab.

Here's a simple example in C# to instantiate a prefab at runtime:

public GameObject myPrefab; // Assign this in the inspector with your prefab void Start() { Instantiate(myPrefab, new Vector3(0, 0, 0), Quaternion.identity); }

Updating Prefabs

If you want to modify a prefab, you can do so by:

  • Selecting an instance in the scene and making changes in the Inspector. Then, apply the changes to the prefab by using the 'Overrides' dropdown and selecting 'Apply All'.
  • Directly modifying the prefab in the Project window by entering Prefab Mode, where you can edit it in isolation from the scene.

Nested Prefabs

Unity also supports nested prefabs, which means a prefab can contain other prefabs as children. This is useful for building complex hierarchies that maintain their structure even when instantiated multiple times.


Prefab variants allow you to create new prefabs based on existing ones but override certain properties. This helps to create variations without duplicating the entire prefab structure.


Prefabs are a powerful feature in Unity that enable efficient management of game objects and streamline the development process. By utilizing prefabs, developers can ensure consistent behavior across their game objects, facilitate easier updates, and manage complex hierarchies effectively.

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