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Redis XADD in Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XADD command in Redis is used with streams, a type of data structure that was introduced in Redis 5.0. Streams are designed to hold a list of messages, where each message is a dictionary-like collection of fields and values. The common use case for the XADD command is to push data to a Redis stream.

Code Examples

Example 1: Adding a single item to a stream.

import redis r = redis.Redis() stream_name = 'mystream' message = {'field1': 'value1', 'field2': 'value2'} # Add the message to the stream response = r.xadd(stream_name, message) print(f'Added message with ID: {response}')

In this example, we're creating a connection to a local Redis server using the redis.Redis() function. Then, we define a stream name and a dictionary message. The xadd method adds the message to the stream and returns the ID of the added message.

Example 2: Adding an item to a stream with a maximum length.

import redis r = redis.Redis() stream_name = 'mystream' message = {'field1': 'value1', 'field2': 'value2'} max_length = 1000 # Add the message to the stream response = r.xadd(stream_name, message, maxlen=max_length, approximate=False) print(f'Added message with ID: {response}')

In this second example, we're adding an optional maxlen parameter which sets a limit to the number of items in the stream. If the limit is reached, older items will be removed.

Best Practices

  • Be familiar with the use cases for Redis Streams. They are best suited to situations that require reliable message delivery, or where you need consumers to process messages at their own pace.
  • When using XADD with maxlen, take into account that removing old items can be resource-intensive if a large number of deletions is needed. Consider setting approximate=True to speed up this process.

Common Mistakes

  • Not understanding the nature of Redis Streams. They are not suitable for general purpose lists or sets because they have a higher memory overhead.
  • Attempting to use XADD without first establishing a connection to the Redis server. Always ensure your Redis instance is running and accessible.


  • What is the 'approximate' parameter in the xadd command? The 'approximate' parameter, when set to True, allows Redis to remove just enough elements to get close to the maxlen.

  • Can I add multiple fields and values in a single xadd operation? Yes, the message in xadd is a dictionary and can have multiple field-value pairs.

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