Getting Current Database in Redis Using Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The primary use case for this query is to identify which Redis database a client is currently connected to. This is useful when working with multiple databases and wanting to ensure that the right operations are performed on the correct database.

Code Examples

While there isn't a direct command to get the current database, one way to ascertain which database you're interacting with is by knowing that upon establishing a connection, you're always connected to database 0 unless specified otherwise. Here's how you'd specify a database while setting up a connection:

```python import redis

r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=1) # Connecting to database 1 ```

In the above example, you're connecting to database 1. If not specified, your active database will be the default Redis database 0.

Best Practices

When using Redis with Python, it's good practice to:

  • Explicitly specify the database number during connection, even if it's 0. This makes it clear which database is being used.
  • Close the connection after finishing your operations to free up resources.

Common Mistakes

A common mistake is assuming that the db parameter in the redis.Redis() function is zero-indexed the same way as Python lists. Remember that in Redis, the db parameter starts from 0, not 1.


Q: How many databases can I have in Redis? A: By default, Redis configures 16 databases. You can change this by modifying the databases directive in your Redis configuration file.

Q: How do I switch between databases in Redis? A: You can switch databases during a session using the SELECT command, or specify the database during connection setup in Python.

Was this content helpful?

Start building today

Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.