Getting Key Type in Redis using Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The 'TYPE' command in Redis is commonly used when you need to know the type of the key-value pair stored inside your Redis database. This can be helpful when debugging, or when dealing with a database where the data types aren't well-documented.

Code Examples

Let's assume you have installed redis-py library and established a connection to your Redis server. Here’s how you can get the type of a specific key:

import redis r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=0) key_type = r.type('your_key') print(key_type) # Outputs: set, list, zset, hash, string, or none (if key does not exist)

In this example, we're connecting to a Redis server running on localhost and then we use the type() method provided by redis-py to get the type of the key named 'your_key'. The returned value will be the data type of the key ('set', 'list', 'zset', 'hash', 'string') or 'none' if the key does not exist.

Best Practices

  1. Always check if a key exists before trying to get its type to avoid unnecessary operations.
  2. Make sure to handle the case when the key does not exist or its type is 'none'.

Common Mistakes

  1. Not handling the case when the key does not exist, which might lead to incorrect assumptions about the data.
  2. Misunderstanding the output: The command does not return Python types, but Redis types.


  1. What does 'none' mean when using the type command in Redis? - 'None' indicates that the key does not exist.
  2. Does the type command work with all Redis data structures? - Yes, it provides the type for all standard Redis data structures (string, list, set, sorted set, and hash).

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