Getting Redis Keys By TTL in Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

In Python applications that use Redis as a caching or data storage solution, it's often necessary to retrieve keys based on their Time-To-Live (TTL). This can be used to analyze the lifespan of particular keys or to perform actions on keys that are about to expire.

Code Examples

Please note that there is no direct method to get keys by TTL in Redis. You will have to fetch all keys and then filter them based on their TTL values.

  1. Fetching all keys and filtering them by TTL:
import redis r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=0) all_keys = r.keys() keys_with_ttl = {} for key in all_keys: ttl = r.ttl(key) if ttl is not None: # Some keys might not have a TTL keys_with_ttl[key] = ttl

This script connects to the Redis server, fetches all the keys, checks their TTL values, and stores the ones with a TTL in a dictionary.

Best Practices

  1. Avoid using KEYS command in production environment as it can negatively impact performance. Prefer SCAN for large databases.
  2. Always handle the case where a key may not have a TTL value set, as the ttl function will return None in such cases.

Common Mistakes

Not considering the possibility of keys without TTL values. A key in Redis does not need to have a TTL value and trying to work with a non-existent TTL might cause errors in your program.


Q: Can we set TTL for a key in Redis? A: Yes, using the EXPIRE command you can set TTL for a key in Redis.

Q: What unit is TTL in Redis? A: TTL in Redis is expressed in seconds. If the TTL of a key is -1, it means that the key is persistent and won't expire.

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