No, Amazon's DynamoDB is not an in-memory database. It's a fully managed NoSQL database service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS), designed to provide low-latency and high-throughput performance by automatically scaling the amount of traffic.
DynamoDB keeps frequently accessed data in memory, but under the hood, it stores data on solid state drives, ensuring durability and long-term persistence.
While DynamoDB provides fast access to items via primary keys, it doesn't have the same characteristics as an in-memory database like Redis or Memcached, which store all their data in the server's main memory.
Amazon also offers an in-memory caching solution, called DynamoDB Accelerator (DAX), which can be used alongside DynamoDB for scenarios requiring even faster access times. Here's how you might use DAX with DynamoDB using AWS SDK for Python (boto3):
In this example,
myTable is the name of the DynamoDB table and
id is the primary key of an item. The DAX client fetches the item from the in-memory cache if possible, falling back to the underlying DynamoDB table if necessary.