Redis HINCRBYFLOAT in Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

HINCRBYFLOAT function is particularly useful in applications where you need to increment a hash field's float value in Redis. It's commonly used in scenarios like:

  1. Tracking real-time metrics, where values must be incremented by non-integer amounts.
  2. Stock systems with fraction numbers, for example, tracking the precise quantity of an item.

Code Examples

Let's assume we have a hash named product_stock in Redis, and we want to increase the stock level of a product (e.g., 'apple') by a fractional amount.

import redis r = redis.Redis() # Increase the stock level of 'apple' by 0.5 r.hincrbyfloat('product_stock', 'apple', 0.5)

In this example, the hincrbyfloat method is used on a Redis connection object r to increment the stock level of 'apple' in the 'product_stock' hash by 0.5.

Best Practices

  1. Always handle exceptions: Network issues or a downed server can lead to exceptions. Ensure your code is ready to handle those scenarios.
  2. Use meaningful naming conventions: Hashes and fields should have descriptive names to make it easier to understand for other developers.

Common Mistakes

  1. Not checking if the hash or field exists: The HINCRBYFLOAT operation will create a new hash or field if it doesn’t exist. But, it's always good to ensure the hash or field exists before performing operations.


Q: Can I use HINCRBYFLOAT to decrease the value?
A: Yes, you can pass a negative float to decrease the value.

Q: What happens if I use HINCRBYFLOAT on a field that does not exist?
A: Redis will treat it as '0' and increment from there.

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