Redis HMGET in Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The HMGET command in Redis is commonly used when there's a need to retrieve multiple field values from a hash stored at a specific key. In the context of Python, Redis' HMGET is often used in applications that require high-speed access to structured data like user profiles, stateful data, or cached web pages.

Code Examples

Let's say we have a hash representing a User, with fields like "name", "email", and "age". You can use HMGET to fetch multiple fields at once.

Here's an example using the redis-py library:

import redis r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=0) # Set some initial values r.hmset("user:1000", {"name": "Jack", "email": "", "age": 30}) # Get multiple field values values = r.hmget("user:1000", "name", "email") print(values) # Output: [b'Jack', b'']

The hmget method takes the key of the hash and the field names you want to retrieve. It returns a list of values corresponding to the given field names.

Best Practices

  1. Make sure the fields you are getting actually exist within the hash. If a specified field does not exist in the hash or the key does not exist, HMGET will return a None value for that field.
  2. Use HMGET instead of multiple HGET commands if you need to get multiple fields from a hash. It reduces the number of round-trip times between your application and Redis server.

Common Mistakes

  1. Using HMGET on non-hash keys: If the key exists in the database but its associated value is not a hash, an error will be returned.
  2. Not checking for None values in the return list: If a field does not exist in the hash, HMGET will return None for that field.


Q: Can I use HMGET to get all fields from a hash? A: No, HMGET requires you to specify the fields you want to retrieve. If you want to get all fields and their values, use HGETALL.

Q: What if the specified key does not exist in Redis? A: If the key does not exist, HMGET simply returns None values for all requested fields.

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