Redis XAUTOCLAIM in Python (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XAUTOCLAIM command in Redis is used to change the ownership of pending messages in a stream, which is beneficial in scenarios such as:

  1. Processing data in distributed systems: When tasks are not completed by some workers due to crashes or failures, XAUTOCLAIM can reassign these tasks to other available workers.
  2. Retry Mechanism: If certain jobs fail on initial processing and need to be retried, XAUTOCLAIM can help in reassigning these failed tasks.

Code Examples

Firstly, install the redis package in Python, if you haven't already done so.

pip install redis

And let's set up our connection:

import redis r = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379, db=0)

Example 1: Assigning a pending message in a stream to another consumer.

# Create a stream and a group r.xadd("mystream", {"field": "value"}) r.xgroup_create("mystream", "mygroup") # Read and make a message pending r.xreadgroup("mygroup", "consumer1", streams={"mystream": ">"}) # Use XAUTOCLAIM to claim the pending message by another consumer messages = r.xautoclaim("mystream", "mygroup", "consumer2", 10000) for message in messages: print(message)

In this example, we first create a stream and a group, then add a pending message using xreadgroup. Then we utilize xautoclaim to move this message from consumer1 to consumer2.

Best Practices

  1. Use meaningful and unique names for your stream, group, and consumer to avoid confusion or collision with other workers.
  2. The idle time parameter in xautoclaim should be set depending on your use case: a smaller value will lead to frequent reassignment of tasks but might cause unnecessary work if the worker is just slow; a larger value will reduce this risk but could lead to slower progress if jobs truly are stuck.

Common Mistakes

  1. Not setting an idle time or setting it too short: This can lead to unneeded reprocessing of messages that are still being processed by another worker.
  2. Not handling exceptions properly: If not handled correctly, exception during processing of a message can keep it indefinitely pending.


  1. What does the idle time parameter in XAUTOCLAIM do? The idle time parameter in xautoclaim command determines the minimum amount of time a message should have been idle before it can be reassigned to another consumer.

  2. What happens if XAUTOCLAIM is called on a message that is not pending? If xautoclaim is called on a message which isn't pending, nothing happens. The command only acts on pending messages.

Was this content helpful?

Start building today

Dragonfly is fully compatible with the Redis ecosystem and requires no code changes to implement.