Redis HKEYS in Ruby (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The HKEYS command in Redis is typically used when you want to retrieve all the keys from a hash stored in Redis. This can be particularly useful when you need to inspect what keys are currently available in a hash, or when you want to iterate through all keys in a hash.

Code Examples

Here's an example of how to use the HKEYS function in Ruby with the redis gem:

require 'redis' redis = # Set some values in a Redis hash. redis.hset("myhash", "field1", "value1") redis.hset("myhash", "field2", "value2") # Get all keys from the hash. keys = redis.hkeys("myhash") puts keys # Outputs: ["field1", "field2"]

In this code, we first create a new Redis connection and set some values in a hash named "myhash". Then, we use the hkeys method to retrieve all keys from the hash, which are then printed to the console.

Best Practices

While using HKEYS, remember that it can be a risky operation if your hash contains many keys because it may increase latency by taking up a lot of processing time. If possible, consider alternatives such as using HSCAN, which is a cursor-based iterator over hash fields and doesn't block the server.

Common Mistakes

The main mistake people make with HKEYS is to use it on large hashes in a production environment, which can lead to performance issues. As mentioned, for large hashes, consider using HSCAN instead.


Q: What happens if the specified hash does not exist?

A: If the specified hash does not exist, HKEYS will simply return an empty list.

Q: What is the time complexity of the HKEYS command?

A: The time complexity of the HKEYS command is O(N) where N is the number of keys in the hash.

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