Redis XINFO in Ruby (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

The XINFO command in Redis provides information about streams and their associated groups and consumers. In Ruby, it's commonly used for:

  1. Debugging: Understanding the state of a stream.
  2. Monitoring: Keeping track of how many items are in a stream, or inspecting consumer group details.

Code Examples

In Ruby, you can use the xinfo method from redis-rb, which is a Ruby client for Redis. Here are some examples:

Example 1: Get basic information about a stream

require 'redis' redis = stream_key = 'my_stream' info = redis.xinfo(:stream, stream_key) puts info

This snippet retrieves information about my_stream. The returned value is a hash with various details such as the number of items in the stream, the last added entry, among others.

Example 2: Get information about consumer groups

require 'redis' redis = stream_key = 'my_stream' group_name = 'my_group' info = redis.xinfo(:groups, stream_key) puts info

This snippet gets information about all consumer groups associated with my_stream.

Best Practices

  1. Use XINFO sparingly in production environments because it may add substantial latency to Redis if called too frequently or on large streams.
  2. Regularly monitor your streams' characteristics using XINFO to ensure they're performing as expected.

Common Mistakes

  1. Calling XINFO on non-existent streams or groups will result in an error. Always ensure the stream or group exists before calling XINFO.
  2. Misconfiguration of redis-rb: Ensure that the Redis client is properly configured and connected before making any command calls.


Q: Can I use XINFO to retrieve information about consumers in a group?

A: Yes, you can do it using the xinfo(:consumers, stream_key, group_name) method.

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