Node Redis: Get Key Where Value Matches (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

In Node.js applications, you might want to find a key in Redis where its associated value matches a certain condition. This can be useful when you're searching for keys based on specific values.

Code Examples

Example 1: Using KEYS and MGET You cannot directly get a key by its value in Redis. However, you could iterate over all keys and check their values. Note that this is not efficient and should only be done on small databases or for debugging.

const redis = require('redis'); const client = redis.createClient(); // Connect to the Redis server client.on('connect', function() { console.log('Connected to Redis...'); }); client.keys('*', function(err, keys) { if (err) return console.log(err); for(let i = 0, len = keys.length; i < len; i++) { client.get(keys[i], function(err, value) { if (value === 'yourValue') { console.log(keys[i]); } }); } });

This script connects to the Redis server, retrieves all keys (*), and checks each key for the specified value ('yourValue'). If the value matches, it logs the key.

Best Practices

  1. When working with large datasets, avoid using KEYS * as it can block the Redis server while it's retrieving keys. Instead, consider using SCAN, which is a cursor-based iterator. This means it retrieves keys in batches, not all at once.
  2. Index your data properly. If you repeatedly need to find a key based on its value, it might be beneficial to create a reverse lookup table where you index values to their keys.

Common Mistakes

  1. Blocking the Redis server: As stated above, avoid using KEYS * on large or production databases as it may block the server until it delivers all the keys.
  2. Not handling errors: Always remember to handle errors in your callbacks. In the code example above, any issues during operations would log an error message.


Q: Can I directly get a key by its value in Redis? A: No, Redis is a key-value store and it does not support this operation directly. You would need to manually iterate over keys to check their values.

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