Node Redis: Get Key Type (Detailed Guide w/ Code Examples)

Use Case(s)

A common use case for TYPE command in Redis is when you need to know the type of data stored associated with a key. This can be helpful during debugging or while performing operations that are specific to certain data types.

Code Examples

Here's a simple example on how to use the TYPE command using Node.js and the node-redis package:

const redis = require('redis'); const client = redis.createClient(); client.on('connect', function() { console.log('Connected to Redis...'); }); client.set('myKey', 'Hello, Redis!', function(err, reply) { console.log(reply); }); client.type('myKey', function(err, reply) { console.log(reply); });

In this code, we first connect to the Redis server using createClient. Then we set a key myKey with the value 'Hello, Redis!' and then we use type function to get the type of value associated with myKey. The output will be string as we have stored a string value against myKey.

Best Practices

  • Always handle errors within callbacks of type command to avoid uncaught exceptions which might crash your application.
  • If possible, store keys with a prefix that signifies its type. This could make it easier to reason about the data in your store without needing to check the type manually.

Common Mistakes

  • A common mistake is to attempt to perform operations without knowing the data type of a key. Different Redis commands work with different data types, and using the wrong command for a given key can lead to errors.


  • What are the possible types returned by the TYPE command in Redis? The TYPE command can return one of the following: string, list, set, zset, hash, or none (if key does not exist).
  • Can I change the type of a key in Redis? No, once a key is associated with a value of a certain type, you cannot change the type without deleting the key first.

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